A glossary of common poultry terms;
Autosexing: Term used to describe chicks than can be sexed at hatched based on their colouring/markings. An example of this is the Cream/Crested Legbar (see picture above)
Broiler: A bird bred for meat, generally applied to those under 14weeks.
Broody: A female chicken that is ready to sit on/hatch some eggs.
Capon: This is a male chicken castrated before sexual maturity, use to raise bigger birds. This process is currently illegal under animal welfare standards in the UK.
Chick: a baby chicken, generally used for birds less than 4 weeks
Cock: A male chicken over a year old
Cockerel: A male chicken less than a year old
Dual Purpose: used to describe breeds that can be used for egg production or meat, the Ixworth is an example.
Fowl: General term used to describe domestic birds
Grower: A young chicken, typical lets than 14weeks
Hen: A female chicken older than a year
Hybrid: A bird bred from two (or more) different chicken breeds, sometime refereed to as Cross-breed
Layer: A Chicken used for Egg Production
Pullet: A female chicken under a year of age.
P.O.L: Point of Lay, term used to refer to a female pullet who is just coming into lay. For hybrids this is typically 18-20 weeks, often later in pure breeds. However this term is over used in poultry sales and applied to birds as young a 14 weeks.
Purebreed : A Chicken who’s parentage comes from the same breed line.
Rooster: Another term for a Cock, more wideless used in the US.